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Robert Kiyosaki! Your mindset about money

“You can’t teach old dogs to do new circus tricks,” my highly biological father father used to say. I have sat and talked with biological father many times, trying to explain to biological father the diagram, which I hope can help him flash new directions in money matters. As he neared the age of 60, he realized many of his dreams would never come true.

“I tried but it didn’t work, son,” he said.

My father was referring to his efforts to succeed in the self-employment group as a self-employed consultant, and in the company group when he used all his savings to start a franchise, famous ice cream company, but then completely failed.

Being inherently intelligent, he understood in theory that different skills were required for different groups. He who knows can learn them very quickly if he wants to. But still something held him back. One day after lunch, I talked to rich dad about my biological father.

“Your father and I are not alike from the roots,” said rich dad. “While we are all human with the same feelings of fear, anxiety, beliefs, strengths and weaknesses, the way we react and handle them is vastly different.

“Can you tell me the difference?” I asked.

“You can’t do it all in one lunch,” said rich dad. “The way we react to these differences is what causes us to stick with one group or another. When your father tried to go from the employee to the company, he could understand the process intellectually, but not emotionally. When things started to go wrong and he lost money, he didn’t know how to solve the problem, and so I went back to the group of people he was most comfortable with.”

“Back to the employee group and sometimes the self-employment group,” I said.

Rich dad nodded. “When the fear of losing money and failure became so overwhelming to the heart, a fear that we both have, your father chose the secure option while I chose the finance freedom option.

“And that’s the fundamental difference,” I said, waving at the waiter.

“Even though we’re all human,” repeated rich dad, “when it comes to money and money-related emotions, we all react differently. And it’s how we react to it. These emotions often determine how we choose to make money.”

“Different people belong to different groups,” I said.

“That’s right,” the father continued as we stood up and walked out the door. “If you want to succeed in any group, you need to know more than just the required skills. You also need to know the root differences that keep people locked up in different groups. Knowing that, life will become a lot easier for you.”

I shook rich dad’s hand and said goodbye as his entourage drove up to him.

“Oh, Dad, one last thing,” I said hastily. “Can your father change?”

“Of course you can,” said rich dad. “Anyone can change. But changing the group of people you follow is not the same as changing jobs or changing careers. Changing groups of people is often a revolutionary change in the child’s personality, way of thinking and view of society and the world. That change may be easier for some people than for others simply because some people like change, while others are very conservative. Changing groups is often a life-changing experience. The change was as intense and radical as the change from a pupa to a butterfly. Not only will you change, but your friends will also change. While you still get along well with old friends, your change will affect that bond, just as butterflies have a hard time functioning like pupae. Therefore, that change is a real revolution, and not many people dare to face it and accept it.”

What is the difference?

How can I tell if someone is in the employee, self-employment, company group or investor group without knowing much about them? One of the many ways is to listen to what they have to say.

Rich dad used to say, “If you listen to someone speak, you’re beginning to understand and feel his or her soul”

People in the employees group often say, “I’m looking for a stable job with a guaranteed high salary and many benefits“.

Sayings of self-employment group often say:

“My rate is $35 an hour”

“My normal commission is 6% of the sale price”.

“I never seem to find someone who is diligent and good at it.”

“I worked more than 20 hours on this project.”

Sayings of the company group often say,

I am looking for a new CEO for my company”.

Sayings of the investor group often say, “The return of do I calculate it on a net or gross margin?

Speaking word tools

Once rich dad knew what group the interviewee was essentially in, at least then he knew what the person wanted, what conditions he could make with him, and how to tell him. People always say, “Language is a scary tool”.

People often remind us of this. “If you want to be a investor, you need to be a master of languages.”

Thus, one of the necessary skills to become a successful person in company group must be a person who knows how to master speech, using words in the right place depending on different subjects. He taught us to first learn to listen carefully to what a person says, and then to know how to use words and in what context to use them to make the most impression on the listener.

Rich dad explained, “One word can inspire one person’s will, but it can also frighten and avoid another.

For example, the word “risky” can excite an investor while it can make a salaried employee panic and cringe.

In order to be great leaders, rich dad emphasized that we must first be good listeners, because otherwise you won’t be able to feel the emotions and souls of the interlocutor. And if you don’t feel and understand them for who they are, you’ll never know what kind of person you’re talking to.

Original difference

The reason rich dad said, “Listen to their words and feel their souls,” was because underlying those words were different personalities from the roots of each individual. Here are some general points that distinguish one group of people from another.

Employee group (Team of workers)

Team of workers-When I hear words like “guarantee” or “benefits”, I can sense who I am talking to. The word “guarantee” is often used when dealing with feelings of fear. If a person feels afraid, and he or she comes from an employee group, he or she will always refer to that word as an expression of a need for security. When it comes to money and jobs, there are a lot of people who hate the phobia that often accompanies economic instability, and thus make them feel the need for security is essential, feebleness.

The word “benefits” refers to a clear discussion of non-salary rewards, a solid compensation plan, such as health insurance or retirement. The bottom line is that they want their future life to be secured by commitments on the basis of real documents. They do not feel happy when faced with instability. Only stability and certainty can make them comfortable in life. Deep in their hearts they always remind, “I give you this, you must give me another”.

In order to suppress and overcome fear, they seek security and firm agreements in employment. That’s why they have their own reasons for saying, “I don’t care about money“.

For people in this group, the concept of security and stability is more important than money.

An employee can become a company president or a group manager. What matters to these people is not the scope of work or responsibilities, but the contractual agreements they enter into with the company or corporation that employs them.

Self-employment group (Self-employment group people)

Self-employ group people – There are people who want to “do it by themselves”, or “do it for themselves”. I call this group of people the “do-it-yourself” group. Usually, when it comes to money, a person in the self-employment group doesn’t like their income being dependent on others. In other words, if a person in self-employment group works hard, they will demand recompense for the effort they put in. People in this group don’t like their source of income to be determined by another individual or group of people who don’t work as hard as they do. Of course, they also understand very well that as long as they don’t put in a lot of work, they won’t get paid much. As for money, people in this group are very self-conscious.

So when an employee person usually responds to a fear of not having money by looking for security, a person in the self-employment group reacts differently. People in the self-employment group respond to that emotion not by seeking reassurance, but by trying to control and master the situation to handle and act in their own way. That’s why I call group self-employment the “do-it-yourself” group. When faced with fear and financial risk, they want to “grasp the buffalo horn and control it as they please.”

In this group you will easily find many knowledge professionals who have spent many years in the university such as doctors, lawyers and dentists.

Also belonging to this group are those who follow an education that is different from or complementary to the traditional one. Those are salespeople who earn direct commissions like real estate brokers customers, as well as small business owners in the form of individual households or partners such as shop owners, cleaning contractors, restaurant owners, consultants, therapists, travel agents, auto mechanics, mechanics plumbers, carpenters, electricians, hairdressers, speakers and artists.

The best chorus of this group is always: “No one does it better than me“, or like: “I’ll do it my way“.

Self-employed people in this group are often “perfectionists”. They always want to do something special and outstanding. In their mind, they never think that someone will do better than them, so they really don’t believe in someone’s ability to do well the way they like, the way they think they can. “on the right track”. In some respects, they are true artists in the style and method of working that they propose.

And that is why society has hired such people. If you need a brain surgeon, you want the doctor to have years of experience and qualifications, but most importantly, you want the doctor to be a “perfect” person. And that same view applies to a dentist, hairdresser, marketing consultant, plumber, electrician, fortune teller, lawyer or corporate consultant. When hiring such people, you as the customer of course always want the person you are looking for to be the best. For this group, money won’t be as important as work. Independence of thought, freedom of action, and being respected as a master in their field are far more important to them than money. So when hiring them, the best way is to tell them what you want to do and let them take care of themselves. They neither want nor need any supervision. If you interfere too much, they will walk away and tell you to hire someone else. Money is really not the main issue, but their independence of work.

This group of people often have a hard time hiring others to do the work for them, just because in their head they always think that no one can do their job. And that has led this group to complain, “It’s hard to find good maids these days.”

Another obstacle is that when this group of people trains someone to do what they are doing, that novice often becomes just like them, i.e. “doing it their own way,” “owning it.” get married”, and “have the opportunity to express my talented identity”.

For that reason, many self-employments are very reluctant to recruit and train others just because they will face further competition once those apprentices have mastered the craft and leave them. That situation pushed them to work even harder and more alone.

Old business or company owner group – This group of people is almost the exact opposite of the self-employment group. People who really belong to group company like to surround themselves with other smart people from all four employee group, self-employment group, company group and investor group. Unlike the self-employment people who don’t like to share the work (because no one can do better than them), the company people like to divide the work. The motto of a person in group company is: “Why take on the work when we can hire others to do the work for us, sometimes even better than ourselves.

Henry Ford is a prime example of this group. There is an oral story about the thrilling character as follows. A group of intellectuals loudly criticized and disparaged Ford as ignorant and ignorant. Ford invited them into his office and challenged them to ask any questions Ford could not answer. So that group of intellectuals surrounded one of America’s most powerful industrialists, and kept asking questions. Ford listened to all the questions, and when people stopped asking, he just picked up the phone and called in a few of his good assistants, asking them to answer all the questions the brains asked. that consciousness. He ended the meeting with a statement to the group of intellectuals that he would rather hire intelligent, educated people to find the answers so that he could devote his clear mind to other important work. , tasks such as “thinking”.

One of Ford’s famous sayings: “Thinking is the hardest work. That’s why very few people want to do it.

Leadership is the possibility of use of everyone’s preference facilities

Rich dad’s idol is Henry Ford. He made me read books about characters like Ford, or John D. Rockefeller – the king of oil. He regularly encourages his son and I to hone our key leadership skills and entrepreneurship. Looking back now, I can understand many people have one skill or the other, but to be a successful person in the company group, one needs to have those two types of skills. I also realized that those two types of skills can be learned and cultivated on their own. For business and engineering leadership skills, both of which have aspects of science and society. And both need lifelong learning.

Leadership, as rich dad said, is “the ability to use people’s strengths.” That is why He trained me and His children in the technical skills necessary to succeed in business, such as the ability to read financial statements, the ability to market, the skills to sell, sales, accounting, administration, production and negotiation. He places great emphasis on learning how to work together as well as how to lead others. He always said, “Business tricks are not difficult to learn, but the difficulty is in working with people”.

Types of become a business

I often hear people say, “I’m going to start my own business“.

Many people tend to think that the way to security of money and happiness is to “do what you like” or “launch a product that no one else has done.” So they rushed into business. In this case, they went this way. That is very risk

Many people who end up as entrepreneurs end up in the self-employment group, not the company group. Of course, it’s not necessarily better that one group is better than the other, both groups have their own strengths and weaknesses, to varying degrees, different risks and rewards. However, a lot of people want to start right from company group but end up with self-employment group and get stuck in it on the way to conquering the world on the right side of the quadrant.

There are also many people who start their business this way. But in the end, he got entangled in the self-employment group and got stuck there.

Many others have tried this line of business. But only a few people can afford to join the ranks of the company group. Why is that? Because the technical skills as well as the human nature needed to succeed for each group are often vastly different. Therefore, to be truly successful in a group, you need to have the right skills and mindset of that group.

Difference from self-employments group business and group companies business

There are true company people who can leave their businesses alone for more than a year, only to come back to find their business more profitable and more efficient than when they left. Meanwhile, for a person in self-employment group, if he or she has been gone for more than a year, surely their business will no longer be in order.

So what made that difference? To put it simply, self-employment group people own the work. Meanwhile, company group people own the system, the process and then hire people who are able to run that system. In other words, in most cases, people in self-employment group are already a “system” themselves, so they can’t leave their business alone.

Take the example of a dentist. The dentist spent years of hard work in school to become an independent system. You as a client have a toothache. So you go to the dentist’s office. The dentist will fix your teeth, and you pay and go home. You feel happy and tell your friends about your wonderful dentist. In most cases, the dentist does all the work himself. The problem is that once the dentist works and travels, his income also “stops” right away.

In contrast, company business owners can travel for life because they own a system, a process, not a job. When a person in company group goes on a trip, money still flows into his or her pocket steadily.

So to be a successful company person you need to have:

A. Ownership or control of a system or process; and

B. The ability to lead others.

For self-employment group who want to be company, they need to transform who they are and what they know about how to operate a system. Unfortunately, many people can’t do that, or they’re too enamored with their own system.

Can I make a better meat breaker than McDonald’s?

Many people come to me for advice on how to start a company, or how to fund a new product or business idea.

Usually, I sit quietly and listen for about ten minutes, and during that time, I can sense their level of interest. Are they interested in the product or the business system? I often hear statements like this (remember, nothing is more important than listening to and examining your interlocutor’s roots from what they say to you):

“The product is better than the product that company makes.”

“I’ve searched many places, but haven’t seen anyone selling that kind of product.”

“I will share with you the idea of ​​this product, but you have to give me 25 percent of the profits.”

“I have had years of experience with this product.”

Those are the sayings of a person rooted in the left side of the quadrant, group L or T.

At those times, I have to be extremely sensitive because I am in dialogue with values.

The idea that he or she clings to for years, even generations. If I’m not tactful or impatient, I can instantly shatter the person’s excitement with a very sensitive business idea, which is also precarious, and most of all, I can stifle a person’s will. trying to jump from one group to another.

Meatloaf and Business

Since I need to be very careful, when talking here, I often use the example of McDonald’s burgers for analysis. After listening to all their concerns, I asked slowly. “Can you make a better burger yourself than McDonald’s?”

So far, everyone I’ve met when I’ve come up with an idea for a new product, when asked that question, has said “yes”. They can all go down to the kitchen and make a burger of a quality that far exceeds that of a McDonald’s.

And then I asked them the next question, “So can you build a better business than McDonald’s on your own?”

Some people see the difference immediately, others don’t. And I can tell that difference depends on the person’s position on the quartet – the left side of the quartet, concerned only with the idea of ​​a better loaf, or the right side of the quartet, there is a difference. can put their full attention on the business system.

I’ve tried everything I can to explain how many entrepreneurs are out there providing quality goods and services that go beyond the massive multinational corporations, just as there are billions of people in the world today. can make a better burger than McDonald’s. Yet only one McDonald’s has a system that can serve billions of burgers to people around the world.

Look at the other groups

When people could start to see the other groups (i.e. company or investor groups), I immediately suggested that they try going to McDonald’s, buy a burger and eat while watching the system do. out that loaf. Take note of truckloads of live doughnuts, cattle ranchers, beef orderers, and television commercials with Ronald McDonald. Observe the training of teenagers hobbling in sales to say hello to customers, “Hello, welcome to McDonald’s.” Notice the decor in McDonald’s stores, the location of each store, the toasters, and the millions of pounds of fries around the world that all taste exactly the same. And let’s not forget the stockbrokers raising money for McDonald’s on Wall Street. Once they can understand the full picture of how the McDonald’s system works, they’ll have a much better chance of getting into the B and I quadrants.

The reality is that while there are countless new ideas, billions of people providing goods and services, and billions of different products, very few people know how to build great business systems. for themselves.

Microsoft’s Bill Gates didn’t make a great product, he bought it from someone else and built a great global system around it.

Investor group of investors – People who invest make money from money. These people don’t need to work because the money is already working for them. Investor group is the playground of the rich. Regardless of which group a person is making money from, if he wants to be rich, he must reach the end of the investor group’s playing field. It is in this investor group that money is converted into wealth and wealth.

The diagram

Employee
(You have a job)
Self-employment

(You work for yourself)

Company
(You own system and others work for you)
Investor
Money works for you

That is the Diamond Four. The quartet simply shows the difference in income generation for people in groups employee, self-employment, company, or investor. The difference can be summarized in the following figure.

Other people’s time and money

Most of us have heard about the secrets of becoming a billionaire like these:

1st. Time

2nd. Other people’s money

These two things can be seen that the people working in company and investor groups are the people whose time and money is being used by the other group.

The main reason my wife and I took the time to work on building a company-style business system rather than a self-employment-type business system, was because we realized the long-term benefits of using “someone else’s time”. One of the weaknesses of a person in the self-employment category is that his or her success comes at the cost of hard work. In other words, the more successful a person is, the more hours he has to work, the harder he works. When designing a company-type business model, the success proves the expansion and expansion of the system, leading to hiring more and more workers. In other words, you will work less, still make more money and have more free time.

The rest of this book will delve into the skills and mindset required of a person on the right side of the Quadrant. My personal experience shows that to be successful in the right group, a different mindset and business tactics are required. If you’re willing to change your mindset, I’m sure you’ll find the road to financial freedom and security fairly easy. Of course, some of you will find that road thorny and difficult to walk, but that’s because you are too stuck in a group, too conservative with your long-standing way of thinking.

At a minimum, you will see why some people work very little, yet earn more, pay less taxes, and are more financially secure than others. It’s just a matter of knowing which group to target and when to make that journey for yourself

The master of freedom

The Golden Quadrangle is not a set of rules or secrets. It is only a guide for those who want to use it. The Four Paths have guided me and my wife through our journey from struggling with money every day to reaching financial security and finally complete freedom. We don’t want to wake up every day and work for money all our lives.

Difference from the rich and other people

A few years ago I read an article that revealed that for most rich people, 70% of their income comes from investments (investor group) and the rest is no more than 30% of income generated from salary (employee group). If those people are employees, they are also employees of their own corporation.

Cash flow of rich
employee
30%
self-employment
Company Investor
70%

The source of such people’s income can be expressed

Meanwhile, for the majority of the poor and middle class, at least 80 percent of their income comes from wages, is in the employee and self-employment categories, and less than 20 percent of their income comes from investments , belongs to investor group.

Cash flow of poor
employee
 80%
self-employment
Company Investor
20%

The different from money and wealth

In chapter 1, I wrote that my wife and I became millionaires in 1989, but it wasn’t until 1994 that we reached full financial freedom. There is a difference between having money and being rich. Around 1989, our business brought us a lot of money. We were earning more and more without having to work more hours, because the business system just kept growing without much effort from us. We have achieved what most people consider financial success.

We still need to put a lot of our business proceeds into tangible assets. Our business was a huge success, but it was at that moment that we needed to focus on growing our assets to the point where the return on those investments far outweighed the cost of living. daily activities

Our process of that effort can be summarized in the diagrams below. By 1994, the passive income from all of our properties had outstripped the cost of living. Only then did we get really rich.

In fact, our business is also considered an asset because it brings in income without much effort on our part. In our personal view of wealth, we always make sure we have investment assets such as real estate or stocks that bring in income more than our cost of living, and that’s it. I can only call myself rich. Once the income from the asset column became larger than the income from the business, we immediately transferred the business to a partner. From then on, we were really rich.

Definition of wealth

Wealth is defined as: “The number of days you can live without requiring your (or your family’s) work while you are able to maintain a normal standard of living”.

For example, if your monthly living expenses are $1,000, and if you have a savings of $3,000, your wealth is approximately the size of 3 months or 90 days of living. Wealth is measured by time, not by money.

Around 1994, my husband and I were immeasurable (unless there were severe economic shocks) because our incomes far outstripped our cost of living.

In the end, it’s not how much money you make that matters, it’s how much money you can keep and how long it will keep you profitable. Every day, I meet a lot of people who make a lot of money but almost all of their money flows out of the expense column. How they spend their money can be summarized in the diagram just above.

Every time they earn a little extra money, they go shopping. They often buy a bigger house or a new car, which only makes them stay in debt longer and work harder, leaving them with less money left to invest in their asset column. They spend money to dizzy, like suffering from financial laxative symptoms.

Speed out of money

When it comes to cars, we often hear about “running on full throttle”. Of course, at that “full throttle” speed, you still have to make sure the car doesn’t smoke or catch fire.

For is money. There are a lot of people, whether rich or poor, who spend money at “out of gas”. How much money they earn, they all spend it directly. The problem lies in the fact that when a car runs at full speed, the life of the engine will be greatly reduced. It’s the same with spending money on gas.

Many of my friends who are doctors said that the current social problem is that more and more people are under stress due to working a lot and never having enough money. A friend said that the biggest cause of health disorders is the symptom of “money pocket cancer”.

Money makes money

Regardless of how much income you earn, you should put some in the investor group. The special investor group always acts on the principle of money making money, or the idea of ​​making money work for you so that you don’t have to work harder. But the important thing is that there are many different ways to invest.

Different from of investment

People often invest in their education. The traditional education system is important because the more educated you are, the easier it will be for you to make money. It may take you four years of college, but your income can increase from $24,000 to $50,000 per year. Assuming the average person can work hard for 40 years, putting four years into college or graduate school is actually a great investment.

Hard work and loyalty is another investment, as is the case with a longtime employee in a company or a government. But in return, the person will receive a large retirement payment according to the contract. This form of investment was very popular in the Industrial Age, but completely obsolete in the Information Age.

Many others invest by having many children and having a large family, and in return they can rely on their children in their old age. That way of investing was once very popular in previous centuries, but due to increasingly difficult economic conditions in the new era, many families have considered raising elderly parents as a mandatory burden.

Government retirement plans such as Social Insurance and Health Insurance in many countries (including Vietnam), which are paid by a cut in salary, are also an investment. but it is imposed by law. However, due to large fluctuations in demographics and the cost of living, this form of investment is unlikely to guarantee the benefits enjoyed by the leader that the government has committed.

There are also other forms of independent retirement investments, such as individual retirement plans. Normally, the government will provide special tax exemptions for both employees and employers if participating in these programs.

Income from investment

Although all of the above are considered investments, the investor group usually focuses on investments that provide a continuous income throughout their working life. The standard to become a person in the investor group is the same as all the other groups, that is, whether you make money from the investor group or not. In other words, does the money work for you and generate income for you?

Consider a person buying a house as an investment by renting it out. If the rent comes in more than it costs to maintain the house, that income comes from investor group. The same goes for people who earn income from savings, or dividends, or bonds. Thus, the standard of group I is how much money you can make from this group without having to work in that group.

Is my refund an investment?

Putting money into a regular retirement fund is an investment and a pretty good thing to do. Most of us hope to be investors when we retire, but for the purposes of this book, it’s not the investor group who make money on their investments in the very next few years. the year we were still working. The reality is that not everyone saves and puts money into their retirement. Most people who put money into retirement hope that once they retire, the money in that fund will become more than they have put in over the years.

There is a clear difference between people who save money like that, and those who, by investing, actively manipulate their money to work to generate additional income for themselves.

World stock brokers are investors?

Many advisors in the investment world are by definition not those who actually generate their income from the investor group.

For example, the vast majority of stockbrokers, real estate agents, financial advisors, bankers and accountants are, by nature, only employee or self-employment people. That is, the income of they earn from their professional work, not from the properties they own.

I have many friends who make a living by buying and selling stocks. They buy stocks at low prices and hope to sell them back at high prices. Thus, they only really live by the profession of “buying and selling”, no different from

The owner of a retail store, buys goods at wholesale and sells them at retail. They still have to put in their own efforts to make money. Therefore, those people belong to self-employment group more than investor group.

So can everyone become an investor? Of course it is possible, but it is important to know the difference between someone who earns commissions, or advises by the hour or pays, or tries to buy low and sell high, and someone who earns money by finding or creating lucrative investment opportunities.

There is a way to find a good consultant. That is, ask them what percentage of their income comes from commissions, consulting fees compared to passive income earned from investments or businesses they own.

I was disclosed by many friends who are accountants without violating the confidentiality of client information, many professional investment advisors have almost no income earned from investments. In other words, “they don’t practice what they show others”.

Advantages of income from investor group 

So the main difference that distinguishes investor group is that these people focus on controlling money to create more money. If they’re really good at it, they can make money work for themselves and their families for hundreds of years.

In addition to the most obvious advantage of knowing how to handle money without having to wake up every morning to go to work, there are many other tax advantages that employees do not have.

One of the many reasons the rich get richer and richer is because sometimes they can legally make millions without paying a single penny in taxes. That’s because they generate money from the “asset column,” not the “income column.” That is, they make money as an investor, not an employee.

For people who work for money, who are not only taxed at a higher rate, m will never see the income the tax has taken from their wages.

Why don’t more people become investors?

Investor group people are those who work little, earn a lot, and pay little taxes. Then why don’t more people become investors? The reason for that question is similar to the reason why not many people dare to start their own business. It can only be summed up in one word: “risk“.

Many people don’t like the thought of giving away all of their hard-earned savings and never seeing it come back to them. Many people are very afraid of losing money, they would rather choose not to invest, not take risks even if they can earn a lot of money.

A Hollywood movie actor once stated: “I don’t care about the return on investment. What I am most worried about is whether I can get that investment back or not.”

It is the fear of losing money that invisibly distinguishes four groups of investors as follows:

1. Those who don’t take risks and do nothing, just choose to play it safe and put money in the bank account.

2. People who leave their investments to someone else to manage, such as a financial advisor or a mutual fund manager.

3. People who like red and black.

4. Real investors.

There is a difference between a red and black person and a true investor. For the red-and-black, investing is a game of chance, while for the investor, it’s a mind game and requires many tricks. As for the person who leaves the investment story to someone else to manage, investing is just a game they don’t like to learn at all. For them, it is mainly important to get a good financial advisor.

In the chapters that follow, the book will present you with seven different levels of investment that will help you better understand the subject matter.

Risk can be reduced to the minimum

The good news for investing is that the risk can be minimized, even eliminated completely, and you can earn a lot more than your capital if you know the basics. rules of that game.

If you hear someone say this sentence, you can immediately tell that person is a true investor: “How long will it take for me to get my capital back, and what will be my income in the future? after I got my initial investment back?

Real investors want to know how long it will take them to get their initial investment back, while those who invest in retirement funds have to wait years to find out if they will get their money back. . That’s the biggest difference between being a professional investor and someone saving money for retirement.

It is the fear of losing money that drives most people to seek security and stability. However, investor group is not as dangerous as many people think. Investor group is like the other three groups, but only in the skills and ways of thinking. The skills of investor group can still be learned if you take the time to learn them.

The difference from the private industrial age plan and the information age retirement plan

When I was a kid, rich dad used to encourage me to take risks with money and learn how to invest. People often say, “If you want to be rich, you need to learn to take risks. Learn how to be a professional investor.”

Back home, I told my educated dad what the other dad suggested learning how to invest and manage risk. My biological father replied, “I don’t need to learn how to invest, son. I’m on the government insurance scheme and have an education union retirement plan where those sources of social insurance are guaranteed. So there’s no reason to risk playing with our money.”

My biological father was a big believer in such industrial-age retirement plans, like the government’s social insurance scheme for workers.

So when I joined the US Navy, he was very happy. Instead of worrying about his son dying in Vietnam, he simply said, “As long as you stay in the army for 20 years, you will be guaranteed health benefits and a lifetime retirement.”

Although still in use, such retirement plans have become outdated and outdated. The notion that the company should be financially responsible for your life after retirement and that the government will take care of your retirement needs through a social insurance scheme, is an important one. belief is very old and no longer valid in this new age.

Everyone need to become investors

As we move from a Guaranteed Benefit retirement plan, which I call an industrial age plan, to a Guaranteed Contribution retirement plan, which I call an Information Age plan, it’s now up to you to take care of yourself. Take care of yourself for your retirement. Unfortunately, very few people notice the change.

Industrial age retirement plan

In the industrial age, a company-stipulated Guaranteed Benefit retirement plan will guarantee you, the employee, a certain amount of money (usually paid monthly) as long as you live. Everyone feels safe because those plans guarantee you a steady source of income.

Retirement plan in the information age

Certain figures changed the law, and companies are no longer responsible for providing financial security for you when you reach retirement age. Instead, companies adopt the form of Guaranteed Contribution retirement. “Secured contribution” is a term for the fact that you can only get the money that you and the company have contributed to your retirement fund during your employment. In other words, the source of income when you retire will be determined mainly from what has been contributed to the previous retirement fund. If you and the company don’t contribute at all, you won’t get any retirement benefits.

The good news is that in the Information Age, human life expectancy has increased dramatically. However, your life expectancy is likely to be longer than your retirement income, and if so, that is a cause for concern. Furthermore, these pension funds are not safe from financial market fluctuations and risks.

Investment types of non investors

Currently, the stock market is always at the top of the story of the whole world. This is because there are many factors that have made the market famous, one of which is the force of amateurs trying to become investors in the market. Their financial path can be plotted like this.

Most of these people, who belong to the employee group or self-employment group, tend to have a tendency toward stability in nature. That explains why they go looking for secure jobs, stable careers, or start small businesses they can control. Due to fluctuations in retirement plans, they are forced to move into the investor group, where they hope to find “safety” for their upcoming retirement years. The unfortunate thing is that the I group is not a group that aims for safety, but a place to confront and accept risks.

With the phenomenon of “massive migration” of people from the left side of the quadrant to safety, in the stock market there are many types of investments that you often hear like this.

1. “Diversification” – Safe people often use this phrase. Why reed? Because it is a type of investment strategy aimed at “not losing money”. Since it’s not a win-win strategy, the successful I group or the rich don’t diversify, but focus on focusing with all their efforts.

Warren Buffet, one of the world’s foremost investors, has this to say about this type of “diversification”: “The strategy we adopt is not dogmatic diversification. Many people criticize that strategy as more risky than conventional strategies. We disagree with that comment. We believe that a selectively concentrated portfolio investment policy is possible greatly reduce the level of risk if such a policy can make investors take the matter as seriously as it does with business, while at the same time making investors feel secure with the economic aspects of the business. catalog before he decides to buy it”.

In other words, Warren Buffet believes that investing in a concentrated portfolio is a better strategy than diversification. In his opinion, instead of spreading, focus will make you think and act in a wiser, more careful way. His article also mentions that the average investor prefers to avoid volatility because they often equate volatility with risk. Instead, Warren Buffet wrote, “In fact, professional investors love volatility.”

For me and my wife, to get out of poverty and achieve complete financial freedom, we didn’t diversify but focused on a handful of our investments.

2. “Blue chip stocks” – safe-haven investors often buy blue chip stocks. Why so? Because in their head they always think these stocks are safer. While those companies are safe, the stock market is not.

3. “Mutual Funds” – People with little investment knowledge often feel safer investing their savings in mutual funds, because they think the fund managers have better investment strategies than them. For those who do not intend to become professional investors, this is a very wise approach. But the problem is that these mutual funds are not necessarily less risky. In fact, if there were to be a stock market crash, we could still see a major move that I would predict is a “mutual fund market crisis,” which affects Its woes will be no less terrible than crises for other financial markets that have occurred in history, such as the tulip market crisis in 1620, and the bond market in 1990.

Today, the market is filled with millions of people who are intrinsically safe-seeking, but under the pressure of economic upheavals they have been forced from the left side of the Quadrant to “cross over”. fence” goes to the right, which does not allow the existence of ideas of safety, security. That’s what worries me. Many people still think the retirement plans they are participating in are safe, but the reality is that they are not. Once there is a major crash or crisis, those retirement plans will go up in smoke. Their retirement plans are not as secure as those of previous generations.

Major change in the economy is coming soon

There are already signs that a major economic turning point is approaching. That turning point often marks the end of an old age and the opening of a new one. At the end of each era, there are always pioneering progressives, but there are also many others who still cling to the ideas of the previous era. I fear that those who still expect their financial security from the responsibilities of a large corporation or government will be disappointed in the years to come. Those ideas belong to the industrial age, not the information age.

No one can predict the future. I subscribe to many investment news service companies. Every company makes different estimates. One company sees the near future as bright, while another predicts an impending market crash and global recession. In order to be objective, I have to listen to both sides because both opposing views have a strong and convincing rationale. The problem to grasp is not the type of fortune-telling, trying to guess what will happen in the future, but I need to have timely information in both company and investor groups and be mentally prepared to deal with any situation. what could happen. A person who is fully prepared is still capable of doing well no matter which direction the economy goes.

If history could be considered as one of the analytical tools, a 75-year-old would experience one recession and two recessions. Of course, my parents had both been through crises in their times, but the generation of Americans during the Vietnam War had never experienced such a major economic crisis. And economists say that there will be a great crisis every 60 years on average.

Today, we all need to be concerned with issues other than job security. I think what we should be concerned with is our own long-term financial security, and not entrusting that responsibility to companies or governments. Times have really changed

when companies simultaneously declare they will no longer be responsible for your life when you retire. Once companies switched to guaranteed contribution retirement plans, they sent the message that from now on you have to take care of your own retirement. Today, we all need to become wiser investors, and more careful with the dizzying ups and downs of financial markets. I honestly suggest to you that we would rather spend our time learning how to invest than handing over our money to someone else to invest for you. If you only give your money to a mutual fund or an advisor, you may have to wait until age 65 to find out if they’re doing a good job. If they fail, you will have to work again for the rest of your life. Millions of people will fall into that situation because it is too late for them to invest on their own or learn how to invest.

Learn risk management

There is always a way to invest with low risk but still high return. All you need to do is learn how it can be done. That is not difficult. In fact, that way of learning is no different from learning to ride a bicycle. At first, you may stumble and fall, but over time you won’t fall, and investing becomes a second nature like riding a bicycle.

The biggest problem for people on the left side of the Quadrant is the ability to take risks. The reason most people become employee or self-employment is because in those groups they think money risks can be avoided. Instead of avoiding risk, I suggest that you learn to control financial risk.

Let’s accept risks

Risk-takers are often world-changers. Rarely does anyone become rich without taking risks. Too many people still rely on the government to avoid financial risks in life. As we all know, when the Information Age begins, it will also end the existence of cumbersome government machines, simply because the bigger the government, the more the state budget will cost. that much. Unfortunately, millions of people around the world who still rely on ideas about welfare or social security will fall behind in terms of money. The message of the Information Age is that we all have to be self-reliant and mature in our personal money matters.

The concept of “study hard and find a stable job” is a concept born in the Industrial Age. We no longer live in that era. Times are changing. But the problem is that people’s opinions don’t change. They still think they are entitled to something. They still give out investor group that has nothing to do with them. They think the government, corporations, labor unions, mutual funds or their families will take care of them once they are no longer able to work. I very much hope that their thinking will be correct. And such people do not need to continue reading this book.

It is my interest in people who recognize the need to be investors that prompted me to write this book. The book is written for those who want to “cross the fence” from the left side to the right side of the Golden Quadrangle but don’t know how to start. Anyone can go all the way through that “fence-breaking” journey with the right skills and a decisive will.

If you have found your own path to freedom I sincerely congratulate you, and ask that you share your experiences with others, and guide them if they need help. Guide those people, but let them find a path for themselves because there are many paths to freedom and financial freedom.

Whatever you decide, please remember this one thing. Financial freedom can be achieved for a fee, but it doesn’t come cheap. For me, the price I paid was completely worth the freedom I achieved. One big secret is this: It doesn’t take money or a high level of education to achieve financial freedom. And the road to that freedom isn’t necessarily fraught with risks. Instead, the price of money freedom is measured by dreams, burning desire, and an ability to overcome the disappointments that will come our way along the way. Are you willing to pay that price?

One of my fathers dared to accept that price, while the other didn’t dare at all but paid a completely different price.

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Angel Cherry

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