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Benjamin Franklin. Introduction


Benjamin Franklin was born in Milk Street,

Boston on January 6, 1706.

His father,

Josiah Franklin,

was a candle maker with two wives

and Benjamin was the youngest son in a family of 17 children.

He dropped out of school at the age of 10,

and at the age of 12 he apprenticed to his brother, James,

who later published the New England Courant.

Benjamin contributed articles

and had a time as an honorary editor for this magazine.

However, the brothers had a disagreement and Benjamin left,

moving to New York,

then to Philadelphia in October 1723.

He quickly found work in a printing press,

but a few months later he was arrested.

Governor Keith persuaded to come to London.

However, Benjamin later realizes that the Governor’s promises are vain.

Benjamin returned to work as a typewriter

until a merchant named Denman offered him a position in his business

and the two moved back to Philadelphia.

After Denman’s death,

Benjamin returned to his former profession

and soon opened his own printing press,

where he published The Pennsylvania Gazette,

to which he contributed many articles

as a tool to stir up the public local reform movement.

In 1732, to increase his abundance,

he began publishing his famous book Poor Richard’s Almanac,

which chronicles the succinct life maxims he composed or collected.

This is the book that contributed a great deal to his reputation.

In 1758,

Benjamin stopped writing the Almanac

and published Father Abraham’s Sermon (Father Abraham’s Sermons),

the work is considered the most famous in colonial American literature.

At the same time,

Franklin was also increasingly interested in public affairs.

He outlined a plan to build an institute,

which would later be followed and developed into the University of Pennsylvania,

and he also founded the organization

“American Scientific Association”

with the purpose of giving scientists the opportunity to meet to discover,

exchange and discuss their discoveries.

He himself also began electrical experiments

and a number of other scientific studies

during his time in business and politics for the rest of his life.

In 1748, when he was already living quite well materially,

he sold his printing house to have time to study;

A few years later,

he made a discovery that made his name known throughout Europe.

In the political arena,

he proved himself capable in both executive and debating roles,

but his political record was tainted

by using his power to prop up his relatives.

His greatest political achievement was the reform of the postal system,

but his name is mainly mentioned

as a statesman through diplomacy between the colonies

and Britain and the United Kingdom. then France.

In 1757,

he was sent to England to protest against the influence

of the Penn family in the Colonial Government

and he remained in England for 5 years,

trying to convince the British people

and Government to accept the conditions for the colony.

On his return to the United States,

the Paxton incident in which

he played an honorary role later cost him his seat in Congress.

However, in 1764,

he was sent to England

as a representative of the colonial government to petition

for the restoration of the Government

from the hands of the colony.

bourgeois landlords.

In London,

he actively opposed the Stamp Act.


he lost a lot of trust and credibility

because he defended the interests

of his friend’s representative office in the US of a stamp manufacturing company.

Even his highly effective efforts to repeal the law did not save him from suspicion.

However, he continued his efforts to protect the interests of the colonial countries

as troubles grew due to the crisis from the Revolutionary Movement. In 1767,

he arrived in France and was given a solemn welcome.

But before returning home in 1775,

he lost his post as Secretary of the Postal Service

for his involvement in disclosing

to Massachusetts the famous letter from Hutchinson and Oliver.

On his way back to Philadelphia,

he was selected as a member of the Continental Congress

and in 1777 was sent to France

as ambassador to the United States of America.

He remained in France until 1785,

as a favorite of the French community

and with success in his missions representing his country.

In the end,

he returned to his homeland

as a hero of independent America

and received a high position second only to Washington.

He died on April 17, 1790.

The first five chapters of Benjamin Frankalin’s Autobiography,

written in England in 1771,

continued in 1784-1785 and continued in 1788,

he reduced to events that took place until 1757,

a series of extraordinary adventures,

the first and last manuscripts were printed by John Bigelow

and now reprinted in recognition of the book’s value

as a picture of one of the most revered figures of the era,

and is one of the best autobiographical books in the world.

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